Varicose veins appear as dark streaks or swollen, running lumps on the legs and feet, they are also known as ‘spider veins’. Veins are the part of the venous system. There are two kinds of veins in the lower extremities, deep veins and superficial veins. Superficial veins run under the skin’s subcutaneous layer and drain blood into the deep veins. Deep veins carry blood from the lower extremities toward the heart and lungs to be reoxygenated. This process relies on leg muscle contraction and a complex arrangement of one-way valves known as venous valves. If the venous valves fail, blood that normally flows upward, leaks back and pools inside the veins. Varicose veins are these swollen and twisted superficial veins filled with pooled blood.
To push blood upward from the feet, veins rely on muscles and a complex network of one-way valves to keep blood flowing towards the heart and lungs and not backward. If the muscles and venous valves become weak or fail, the vein becomes incompetent and blood begins to collect in the vein rather than returning to the heart. The valves can become weakened for a number of reasons but regular exercise and a healthy lifestyle has been shown to reduce instances of venous insufficiency. Anyone may develop spider veins, especially women who have experienced pregnancy; however, women and men of any age may be affected.
Contributing factors include:
Varicose veins are visually recognizable to a medical professional. In cases where symptoms are present even if the bulging veins are not visible, an ultrasound may also be used. Ultrasounds are also used to determine the severity of the disorder.
Varicose veins can be treated safely to deal with both symptomatic and cosmetic issues. Procedures are performed that close down the weak veins thereby forcing blood to go into the appropriate deep veins. This restores blood flow and resolves these symptoms. Treatment for varicose veins in Oklahoma City may include medical procedure or lifestyle changes. Medical treatments include compression stockings, injections (sclerotherapy), laser therapy, radiofrequency ablation, ambulatory phlebectomy, surgery or vein stripping.